The famous Christian theologian, St Thomas Aquinas ( 1225-1274 ), in his book Summa Theologica gives 5 ‘proofs’ ( quinque viae ) for the existence of God, and the famous Indian philosopher, Udayanacharya ( 12 century ), in his book Nyaya Kusumanjali gives 9 ‘proofs’.
All these ‘proofs’ are based on inferences ( which is called ‘anumana pramana’ in Indian philosophy ), and not on direct perception ( called ‘pratyaksha pramana’ or revelation ).
The problem, however remains : what to do with the question posed by Ivan Karamazov to his younger brother Aloysha in Dostoevsky’s famous novel ‘ Brothers Karamazov ‘ : if there is a God, why do million of children in the world suffer ? ( see my blog ‘ Dostoevsky and the cold weather ‘). Millions of children in the world who have done no harm to anyone, are yet hungry, shivering in the cold, often beaten cruelly by elders, deprived of good education and love and affection, and homeless ? If there is a God, why does he not give these children food, proper clothes, a home, proper education, love and affection, etc ?
So if there is a God, he is either all powerful, or good, but he cannot be both
Some people say that there must be a Creator of this world.
This statement presumes that everything must have a creator. In that case, the Creator of the world must also have a creator, i.e. a super Creator, and this super creator must also have a creator, i.e. a super super Creator, and so on.
This is known as the fallacy of the infinite regress.
The truth is that the only reality is matter ( or matter-energy, since energy has been proved by Einstein to be a form of matter ), which is in motion, according to some laws which can be discovered by scientific research.
If it is asked where did matter come from, the answer is that matter came from matter. If we start with the assumption that everything must have a creator, we fall into the fallacy of infinite regress, as explained above.
The truth is that there is no God, no angels, no soul, no spirits, no ghosts, no fairies, no witches, etc. In other words, there are no supernatural entities.
The truth is that all religions are superstitions, and the truth lies in science, which is not final as religion claims to be , but is constantly developing.